October has an average maximum temperature of 19.6°C, and an average minimum temperature of 6.7°C. October has an average rainfall of 61.9mm.

What to do this month

  • Have you planted a lemon tree?  No space? Have a think about planting a dwarf citrus tree!
  • Citrus can still be planted. Existing trees should be watered and mulched.
  • Prune flowering shrubs as they finish flowering.
  • Clip back Azaleas and remove any dead growth.
  • Now is the time to select new Azalea and Rhododendron plants while they’re in flower in the nursery.
  • Roses need to be fertilised, watered and mulched well to retain soil moisture. Check for fungal problems.
  • Much all shrubs and trees to retain soil moisture.
  • Now is time to deep water your lawn. Add a soil wetter for increased moisture penetration.
  • Control weeds in lawn using Kleen Lawn.
  • Increase watering as required.
  • Fertilise your lawn every 6 to 8 weeks.


  • Add plenty of straw around berries as plants mature.


  • Beans
  • Cabbage
  • Carrot
  • Leek
  • Lettuce
  • Parsley
  • Potato
  • Tomatoes
  • Zucchini
  • Silver beet


  • Asparagus
  • Asian greens
  • Beans
  • Cabbage
  • Leek
  • Lettuce
  • Silver beet
  • Tomatoes


  • Asparagus
  • Broad beans
  • Leeks
  • Peas
  • Spinach

Flowers and bulbs

  • Begonias and Fuchsias need last year’s dead growth removed.
  • Plant Dahlia tubers later in month – insert stakes before planting tubers to avoid damage.
  • Gladiolus corms can be planted at two-weekly intervals, as they will flower in approximately 90-100 days.
  • Deadhead annual flowers and spring bulbs. Bulbs should be given a fertiliser high in potassium and well watered before foliage dies to improve next year’s flowers. You will need to wait until foliage has completely died off before removing old leaves.
  • Sow seed of summer and autumn annuals, ready for planting out by mid-December.
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